The term ‘black truffle‘ is quite broad and can sometimes be confusing if you’re not an expert in the field. In this new blog post, we’ll guide you on how to differentiate between various species of winter black truffles, as there are several that could potentially cause some confusion. The two most well-known species, when it comes to winter black truffles, are essentially two: Tuber melanosporum and Tuber brumale.
The black truffle, or Tuber melanosporum, is highly prized in the market. It used to be known as the Périgord black truffle, as it was primarily found in those regions of France. However, in recent times, Italy and Spain have gained significance in the market, with Spain surpassing France, as we discussed in a previous blog post. It is harvested from November to March and is characterized by a rough, black ‘shell’ with black interior flesh and white veins. This distinctive feature is crucial to distinguish between different species of winter black truffles. Additionally, its aroma is strong with earthy and sometimes fruity notes.
As for the black truffle, or Tuber brumale, it is typically produced in Europe, although some parts of Asia export it extensively. It is harvested from December to March. It has a black shell similar to Tuber melanosporum, but its interior flesh ranges from dark brown to black. Furthermore, its aroma is less intense than that of Tuber melanosporum. For these reasons, Tuber brumale is generally less sought after, making it a more budget-friendly option.
Within this type of truffle, we would also find the Tuber indicum, a truffle of very low quality commonly known as the 'Chinese Truffle'.
Purchase Tuber melanosporum from specialized stores
Understanding the distinctions between winter black truffle species is crucial to avoid mistakenly buying Tuber brumale at the price of Tuber melanosporum. The latter has a more nuanced aroma and flavor profile. To ensure accuracy, Igual Escriche is the best supplier for Tuber melanosporum, specializing in its collection and distribution. In its store, you can acquire Tuber melanosporum black truffles.